3-4′ x 3′-6′ Black Sage is an important part of the Coastal Sage Scrub with its aromatic dark green leaves and spikes of pale violet flowers in late spring. The nectar in the flowers is an important food for butterflies and hummingbirds. Seeds are relished by birds and were an important food for Native Americans. Early settlers used the leaves in teas and for the seasoning of meats.
 Clarke, Charlotte Bringle. Edible and Useful Plants of California, pg.111.